# 8.1.8.1. KENO V.a Shape Descriptions

The geometry shapes allowed in KENO V.a geometry description are:

CUBE, CUBOID, SPHERE, CYLINDER, ZCYLINDER, XCYLINDER, YCYLINDER, HEMISPHERE, HEMISPHE+X, HEMISPHE-X, HEMISPHE+Y,

HEMISPHE-Y, HEMISPHE+Z, HEMISPHE-Z, XHEMICYL+Y, XHEMICYL-Y, XHEMICYL+Z, XHEMICYL-Z, YHEMICYL+X, YHEMICYL-X, YHEMICYL+Z, YHEMICYL-Z, ZHEMICYL+X, ZHEMICYL-X, ZHEMICYL+Y, ZHEMICYL-Y

CUBE

specifies a cube. It sets +X = +Y = +Z and -X = -Y = -Z. Note that the +X dimension need not equal the -X dimension of the cube (i.e., the origin need not be at the center of the cube).

CUBOID

is a rectangular parallelepiped and may be described anywhere relative to the origin.

SPHERE

specifies a sphere that is centered about the origin, unless otherwise specified by the optional region origin data.

CYLINDER

specifies a cylinder that has its length described along the Z axis. Its centerline must lie on the Z axis, unless otherwise specified by the optional region origin data.

ZCYLINDER

specifies a cylinder that has its length described along the Z axis. Its centerline must lie on the Z axis, unless otherwise specified by the optional region origin data.

XCYLINDER

specifies a cylinder that has its length described along the X axis. Its centerline must lie on the X axis, unless otherwise specified by the optional region origin data.

YCYLINDER

specifies a cylinder that has its length described along the Y axis. Its centerline must lie on the Y axis, unless otherwise specified by the optional region origin data.

HEMISPHERE

is used to specify a spherical segment of one base whose spherical surface exists in the positive Z direction. The base or flat portion of the spherical segment is centered about a point that may be specified in the optional region origin data. By default, the center of the spherical surface is the origin and the distance to the base from the center of the spherical surface is zero.

HEMISPHEbc

is used to specify a spherical segment of one base whose spherical surface exists in the bc direction (b = + or -, c = x, y, or z). The base or flat portion of the spherical segment is located a distance $$\rho$$ from the center of the spherical surface, and the center may be specified in the optional region origin data. HEMISPHE+Z is the same as the previously described HEMISPHERE and HEMISPHE-Z is the mirror image of HEMISPHE+Z, therefore existing only in the negative Z direction. By default the center of the spherical surface is the origin and the distance of the base from the center of the spherical surface is zero.

bHEMICYLcd

is used to specify a cylindrical segment whose axis is in the b direction (b = x, y, or z) and whose cylindrical surface exists only in the c direction from a plane perpendicular to the d axis (c = + or -, d = x, y, or z). The position of the plane (cut surface) can be specified in the optional region chord data. This plane cuts the cylinder parallel to the axis at some distance, $$\rho$$, from the axis. By default, the axis passes through the origin and $$\rho$$ is zero. (Examples: ZHEMICYL+X, YHEMICYL-Z, XHEMICYL+Y)

Up to 6 dimensions follow the shape keyword [xx(1) through xx(6)]. These entries are separated by one or more blanks and define the size of the region. Dimensions must be given in cm.

xx(1): Radius for a sphere, cylinder, hemisphere or hemicylinder,

+X dimension for a cube or cuboid.

xx(2): -X dimension for cube or cuboid,

+Z for cylinder or Z cylinder,

+X for X cylinder,

+Y for Y cylinder,

+length for hemicylinder,

omit xx(2) for a sphere or hemisphere.

xx(3): +Y dimension for cuboid,

-Z for cylinder or Z cylinder,

-X for X cylinder,

-Y for Y cylinder,

-length for hemicylinder,

omit xx(3) for a sphere, hemisphere, or cube.

xx(4): -Y dimension for cuboid,

omit for all other geometry types.

xx(5): +Z dimension for cuboid,

omit for all other geometry types.

xx(6): -Z dimension for cuboid,

omit for all other geometry types.